Strengthening Tenure and Resource Rights (STARR) IQC
The STARR program is designed to address resource tenure issues in support of key U.S. Government strategic objectives. These include but are not limited to:
- Enhanced food security as articulated in the Feed the Future Initiative
- Climate change adaptation and mitigation
- Conflict prevention and mitigation
- Economic growth
- Biodiversity protection and natural resource mangement
- Women’s empowerment and gender equality
- Reduction in the spread of infectious diseases, specifically HIV/AIDS
In approaching these issues, STARR will employ a multidisciplinary approach to address complex resource tenure challenges as identified by USAID missions, bureaus and offices, and by other USG agencies including but not limited to:
- Department of State
- Department of Defense
- Millennium Challenge Corporation
STARR will provide short and long-term technical assistance that is needed to respond to the needs and opportunities available for improving security of property rights and increasing land access.
STARR will advance USAID Forward strategies and best practices by building knowledge, testing hypotheses and implementing innovating approaches to strengthening property rights and resource tenure as a means to advance key USG strategic foreign assistance goals.
- LAND works at the national and regional levels of government to furthe improve the legal and regulatory framework related to land tenure and property rights and thereby support the Government of Ethiopia’s and USAID’s goal of increasing economic growth, particularly agricultural sector growth, improving rural resiliency and improving governance.
- LAND project builds on two previous USAID/Ethiopia projects
- Ethopia Strengthening Land Tenure and Administration Program (ELTAP)
- Ethopia Land Adminstration Program (ELAP)
- Support national and regional governments to improve land administration and land use laws based on research findings and public needs
- Improve Government of Ethiopia’s land administration institutions efficiency in land use rights certification and transactions through trainins provided by higher educational institutions
- encourage pastoral regions to introduce certification of communal land use rights and management of natural resources
- Appropriate land laws are prepared and enforced
- Regions are able to survey map, register and certify rural parcels
- Linkages are created between higher education and land administration institutions
- Communal land use certifications are practices in pastoral areas
- TGCC is assisting the USAID Land Tenure and Property Rights Division to identify and test models that strengthen resource tenure governance and property rights as they relate to successful global climate change (GCC) mitigation and adaptation interventions.
- Resource tenure and property rights issues and conflicts may undermine successful implementation of GCC-related initiatives. Interventions that strengthen resource tenure and property rights governance can help reduce vulnerability and increase the resilience of people, places and livelihoods in the face of GCC impacts and promote resource-use practices that achieve mitigation and development objectives
- Pilot land tenure interventions that strengthen land rights as an enabling condition for promoting the adoption of “climate smart” land-use practices
- Clarify legal and regulatory rights to benefits derived from environmental services under REDD+ and other Payment for Environmental Service (PES) schemes
- Research and scope studies on tenure, property rights and GCC mitigation and adaptation
- Strengthen women’s property rights under REDD+
- Support national an local organizations engaged in strengthening land tenure and property rights