Africa-US Integrated Health Management

Africa-US Integrated Health Management: Capacity Building in Integrated Health Management of Transboundary Animal Diseases and Zoonoses: The central aim of this program is to enhance higher education capacities for research, education, policy, and agricultural community engagement in Eastern and Central Africa (ECA) in order that evidence-based strategies for economic development through zoonotic disease management in the One World, One Health model and sustainable food security may be achieved. In particular, this project will addresses zoonotic disease management in the agricultural sector.  Michigan State University has worked to assess current surveillance systems in Uganda In order to plan the control, prevention, and eventual eradication of TADZ.  Effective surveillance systems need to be established and sustained. 

The One Health approach is important to success in these endeavors: control of zoonotic disease requires not only surveillance and control in human populations, but also surveillance and control in animal populations that serve as reservoirs of infection for humans.   There is presently a lack of information on how much movement of people, animals, and plant materials is occurring between neighboring countries.  This is a major concern in the “cattle corridor” that transcends the national borders of Uganda into Tanzania and Rwanda in the south, Democratic Republic of Congo in the west, Kenya in the East and Sudan in the north.  This area contains many pastoralist societies whose tribes span more than one country geographically, and the lack of human identity papers, low rates of animal identification, and porous unprotected borders amplifies biosecurity threats in this region.